tailieunhanh - Energy Research at DOE WAS IT WORTH IT? Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy Research 1978 to 2000

From the time of the first Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries oil embargo nearly 30 years ago, the United States has looked to new technology for solutions to its energy problems. Indeed, the first government reports to recommend an energy research and development (R&D) agenda appeared within weeks of that 1973 event. In 1975, President Ford created the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA), consolidating under one umbrella existing R&D energy programs from several agencies. In late 1977, ERDA became part of the new Department of Energy (DOE). And today, energy R&D remains a major element of DOE’s mission | Energy Research at DOE WAS IT WORTH IT Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy Research 1978 to 2000 Committee on Benefits of DOE R D on Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy Board on Energy and Environmental Systems Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington . NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS 2101 Constitution Avenue . Washington DC 20418 NOTICE The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This report and the study on which it is based were supported by Contract No. DE-AM01-99PO80016 Task Order from the . Department of Energy. Any opinions findings conclusions or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author s and do not necessarily reflect the view of the agency that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number 0-309-07448-7 Library of Congress Control Number 2001093513 Available in limited supply from Board on Energy and Environmental Systems National Research Council 2101 Constitution Avenue . HA-270 Washington DC 20418 202-334-3344 Additional copies are available for sale from National Academy Press 2101 Constitution Avenue . Box 285 Washington DC 20055 800-624-6242 or 202-334-3313 in the Washington metropolitan area http Copyright 2001 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of .