tailieunhanh - Health Status, Health Insurance, and Medical Services Utilization: 2010

Moreover, there is a contradiction between central approval and local priority-setting. This is almost a problem of the technocrats against the people. In some countries, the technocrats at the central level are excel- lent, and they want projects to be technically sound before they approve them. In other countries, the technicians are not as good. However, there may be a more democratic aspect here, because the technicians do not demand as much of the projects as the more technically advanced coun- tries do. The multiplication and duplication of funds is actually a problem in many Latin American countries. Often, there are several funds all com- peting for the same resources. | Health Status Health Insurance and Medical Services Utilization 2010 Household Economic Studies Current Population Reports By Brett O Hara and Kyle Caswell Issued October 2012 P70-133 INTRODUCTION The national health spending for Americans has increased in recent years and is projected to continue on a rapid growth This phenomenon is subject to the interplay of many forces both demographic and People are living longer have declining health status for more years than in the past and are consuming more medical Regardless of demographic characteristics health insurance coverage affects medical service utilization and cost. Uninsured people more often forgo or delay medical services compared with people who have health insurance Further uninsured people are more costly to the health care system than are insured This report examines the relationship between medical services utilization health status health insurance coverage and other demographic and economic characteristics. Measurement of medical services utilization includes the frequency of visits to medical doctors nurses and other medical providers visits to dentists and dental professionals nights spent in a hospital and use of prescription medication. Data about health status are self-reported where respondents rate their health according to one of five possible response categories excellent very good good fair or 1 Board of Trustees 2011 Truffer et al. 2010 . 2 Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services 2011 Elmendorf 2011 . 3 Elmendorf 2011 . 4 Sabik and Dahman 2012 . 5 Chen et al. 2011 . poor. The demographic and economic characteristics studied in this report include sex race and ethnicity 6 age family income 7 and insurance These demographic and economic characteristics may not have a causal relationship to health status and medical services utilization. This report uses data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation SIPP a nationally