tailieunhanh - Recent advances in QTL mapping and quantitative disease resistance approach

Quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping is a highly effective approach for studying genetically complex forms of plant disease resistance. With QTL mapping, the roles of specific resistance loci can be described, race-specificity of partial resistance genes can be assessed and interactions between resistance genes, plant development and the environment can be analysed (Young, 1996). DNA markers tightly linked to quantitative resistance loci (QRLs) controlling QDR can be used for marker-assisted selection (MAS) to incorporate these valuable traits. QDR confers a reduction, rather than lack, of disease and has diverse biological and molecular bases as revealed by cloning of QRLs and identification of the candidate gene(s) underlying QRLs (Dina St. Clair, 2010). Outstanding examples include: quantitative resistance to the rice blast fungus, late blight of potato, bacterial wilt of tomato, and the soybean cyst nematode. These studies provide insights into the number of quantitative resistance loci involved in complex disease resistance, epistasis and environmental interactions, race-specificity of partial resistance loci, interactions between pathogen biology, plant development. | Recent advances in QTL mapping and quantitative disease resistance approach

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