tailieunhanh - Sustainable fuel energy potential from agricultural biomass

In India, over 370 million tonnes of biomass is generated every year and it contributes to over one third of primary energy (Chauhan, 2010). This biomass can be easily densified in the form of pellets and briquettes. The present study was undertaken to estimate the availability of biomass for major agricultural crops and to work out its energy potential. Based on the area under cultivation and production for the years 2000-01 and 2011-12, ten major agricultural crops of Haryana were selected . rice, jowar, bajra, maize, cotton, sugarcane, wheat, barley, gram, and rapeseed and mustard. Total amount of generated biomass in 2011-12 for kharif season was 000 Tonnes and for rabi season was 000 Tonnes. In 2011-12, total energy potential from kharif crop was ×108 and from rabi crop was ×107 . | 2019 8 4 401-408 EXCELLENT PUBLISHERS International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN 2319-7706 Volume 8 Number 04 2019 Journal homepage http Original Research Article https Sustainable Fuel Energy Potential from Agricultural Biomass Shivangi Shukla Aradhana Kushwaha and Savita Singal CCS Haryana Agricultural University Hisar-125004 Haryana India Corresponding author ABSTRACT Keywords Energy Biomass Potential Clean Article Info Accepted 04 March 2019 Available Online 10 April 2019 In India over 370 million tonnes of biomass is generated every year and it contributes to over one third of primary energy Chauhan 2010 . This biomass can be easily densified in the form of pellets and briquettes. The present study was undertaken to estimate the availability of biomass for major agricultural crops and to work out its energy potential. Based on the area under cultivation and production for the years 2000-01 and 2011-12 ten major agricultural crops of Haryana were selected . rice jowar bajra maize cotton sugarcane wheat barley gram and rapeseed and mustard. Total amount of generated biomass in 2011-12 for kharif season was 000 Tonnes and for rabi season was 000 Tonnes. In 2011-12 total energy potential from kharif crop was and from rabi crop was . Introduction Availability and consumption levels of energy are the best indicators of economic and social development of nations and societies. Energy demand is expected to increase considerably in the coming years as a result of increasing population. The largest increase in energy demand will take place in developing countries where population of global energy consumption is expected to increase from 46 to 58 percent between 2004 and 2030. In many developing countries crop residues have been the main source of energy mostly in its traditional forms to meet the demands of domestic users.

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