tailieunhanh - Lecture Managerial accounting - Chapter 5: Cost-volume-profit relationships

After studying chapter 5, you should be able to: Explain how changes in activity affect contribution margin and net operating income, prepare and interpret a cost volume-profit (CVP) graph and a profit graph, use the contribution margin ratio (CM ratio) to compute changes in contribution margin and net operating income resulting from changes in sales volume,. | Cost-Volume-Profit Relationships Chapter 05 McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 5: Cost-volume-profit relationships Cost-volume-profit (CVP) analysis helps managers understand the interrelationships among cost, volume, and profit by focusing their attention on the interactions among the prices of products, volume of activity, per unit variable costs, total fixed costs, and mix of products sold. It is a vital tool used in many business decisions such as deciding what products to manufacture or sell, what pricing policy to follow, what marketing strategy to employ, and what type of productive facilities to acquire. Basics of Cost-Volume-Profit Analysis Contribution Margin (CM) is the amount remaining from sales revenue after variable expenses have been deducted. The contribution income statement is helpful to managers in judging the impact on profits of changes in selling price, cost, or volume. The emphasis is on cost .