tailieunhanh - Ebook Textbook of oral pathology (2/E): Part 2

(BQ) Part 2 book “Textbook of oral pathology” has contents: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, odontogenic infection and pulp pathology, tongue disorders, temporomandibular joint pathology, chemical and physical injuries, blood pathology, skin disorders, and other contents. | 21 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Anil Govindrao Ghom, Shubhangi Mhaske (Jedhe) Chapter Outline                 Definition AIDS related complex Prevalence Etiology Characteristic of HIV virus Mechanism of action Transmission Clinical features Oral manifestations Candidiasis Kaposi’s sarcoma Hairy leukoplakia Periodontal disease associated with HIV Non-Hodgkin lymphoma Recurrent herpes labialis Oral human papilloma virus lesions Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a devastating fatal disease, which is in epidemic form throughout the world. It is an incurable viral STD caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It stands for: ∙ A: Acquired, . contagious not inherited ∙ I: Immune, . power to receive disease ∙ D: Deficiency ∙ S: Syndrome, . number of signs and complains indicative of particular disease. Four identified etiological agents are of substantially lenti virus (HIV-I an HIV-II) that cause slow infection in which sign and symptoms only appear after many months or years of infection and two member of oncovirus (HTLV-I                 Herpes zoster HIV associated salivary gland diseases Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura Mycobacterium infection Hyperpigmentation Histoplasmosis Recurrent aphthous stomatitis Molluscum contagiosum Oral squamous cell carcinoma Diagnostic tests Screening test for AIDS Enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay The Western Blot method Viral culture and polymerase chain reaction Surrogate marker for progression of HIV-I infection Management and HTLV-II) that are capable of oncogenic transformation and are usually associated with leukemia or lymphoma. The case of AIDS was detected in June 1981 when 5 young homosexuals men came with the suffering from rare lung infection due to microorganism called Pneumocystis carinii. In India, the first description of AIDS came in Madras where 6 women out of 125 who were screened were HIV positive in high-risk group of prostitutes. The AIDS .